Cave, P (2012) source:
Cave, P (2012) source:

Alternative name(s)

Team Cooperation/Team Management
Team Collaboration/Collaborative Management


According to APM, ‍Teamwork is a group of people‍working in collaboration or by cooperation towards a common goal. ‍Teamwork is a team that consists of two or more staff and they have different skills, knowledge, experience and background. These people coordinate together with different responsibilities for a common goals and outcomes (Ferrnadez et al, 2008). Also, these staff get together to communicate, share information and consolidate knowledge to impact of future decisions and action (Ream & Xyrichis, 2008). The staff not only needs joint effort in teamwork, but also needs their interdependent cooperation and use of shared decision—meeting. Teamwork through employees’ knowledge, skills and abilities will enhance the performance of their work. In this way, teamwork can enhance the employees’ enthusiasm and motivation meanwhile the work goals would be achieved with high efficiency and effectively.

Agile values

Communication (XP)—Teamwork needs to keep smooth communication during work process. Dependencies of work can occur where one member of the team is only waiting for one to finish, in which he/she can start. In a team, members has different knowledge and background, keep good communication can help tackle many issues during cooperation. Furthermore, good communication can enhance work efficiency to converse time and is what matters most in teams.

‍Feedback (XP) — Is a critical part of communication. This value creates a high-level of interaction between the team. Timely given the work feedback and the effective cooperation feedback to the team members is very important to teamwork. Through feedback, team members can modify mistakes and improve negative actions in time. Furthermore, the strength can be enhanced, then will targets be completed efficiently and effectively.Feedback from different stakeholders will provide different perspectives with team to improve work.

Respect (XP) - caring about the team members and the project. This value is about relationship building and cooperation within the team, which are crucial for the team, as they will be working together towards a goal. This value includes respecting the team members decisions, giving feedback to each other, sharing information and knowledge in order to achieve the best for the project.

Agile principles

Individuals interaction over processes and tools (Agile Manifesto) - In other words means great processes comes from effective teams. It is important individuals works together as a team just like the word 'scrum' coming from rugby; individuals needs to work together to achieve an outcome.

Build projects around motivated individuals (Agile Manifesto) - through the use of sharing of information and enabling everyone to make some form of decision making in the project. This will encourage individuals to think they are important to the team and would want to to be part of the team and be dedicated to work towards the goal of the project. Effective team work has a strong relationship with motivation (Asproni, 2004).

Empower the team ‍(Lean Thinking)‍ - Similar to the principle above; involving all individuals involved in the project, such as developers, designers in technical decisions in order to achieve excellence.

Agile practices

‍Weekly Cycle (XP)‍ one week long iteration and plan the stories for a week. ‍This practice is important for teamwork, because team cooperation together need a clear plan for the goal. The team divided the target into several phase targets, and then makes plans for this little target to ensure the result of the teamwork. Team member make plan weekly also can clear know their responsibility for different part and better to complete their task in order to tracking well the project. Additionally, if team members can finish weekly plans well, theirs motivation can be enhanced through the process.

Other practices which will provide collaboration opportunities includes, release planning and sprint planning; a more structured cooperation and collaboration management.‍ According to Moe, Dingsoyr, Dyba, 2010), shorter sprints (2-3 weeks) will give the team more frequent feedback (an agile value which is crucial for team working). It will also help create a culture of accountability and teamwork (Cottmeyer, 2008).
Daily Stand-up meetings (Scrum)- This helps teams to identify and clear any issues they have regarding working as a team or the project itself early, as well as opportunity to collaborate with each other, going back to the manifesto principle of individual interactions over processes and tools and tells how the team is doing.

Planning‍ – Do the planning before teamwork is necessary, it can allocate right staff to right position based on their characteristics. Also it should illustrate team rules and regulations. The team member should know the scope, goal, time, and requirement of the project, then they can clear the target and cooperation closely.


‍In agile of team working compared to the traditional approach of a command and control type of management with clear, hierarchical separation of roles, agile provides an environment for the team to collaborate to achieve the goal through constant communication, giving authority to the whole team to build motivation and dedication to the project as well the usage of agile practices to enhance the team working. Therefore, agile is more beneficial in terms of managing the 'softer' side of the project (human relations), as agile puts on more emphasis on leading the team over managing the team.

Links from Teamwork to Conflicts Management

‍Conflicts management is critical in a teamwork. In order to guarantee smooth team cooperation, the team leader should has ability to balance staff's workload and pay attention to their mood. Good relationship between team members in a team can bring a good atmosphere and motivation to the team. Therefore, good conflicts management is a basic condition to the good teamwork.Commitment towards team can also improve team work.


Asproni, G. (2004). Motivation, Teamwork, and Agile Development. Agile Times . 4 (1), p1-9.

Cottmeyer, M. (2008). Refactor You PMP: Human Resource Management. Available: Last accessed 14th March 2013.

Fernandez, R. Steve, W.J. Kozlowski. Shapiro, J. & Salas, E. (2008). Toward a definition of teamwork in emergency medicine. Official journal of the society for academic emergency medicine. 15(11) pp.1104-1112 [Online] Available: [Accessed at: 10th March 2013].

Mahale, B. (2011). Teamwork in Agile . Available: Last accessed 14th March 2013.

Moe, N. Dingsoyr, T. Dybra, T. (2010). A teamwork model for understanding an agile team: A case study of a Scrum project. Information and Software Technology. 52 (5), p480-491 [Online] Available: [Accessed at: 14th March 2013]

Xyrichis & Ream (2008) Teamwork: a concept analysis. Journal of Advanced Nursing 61(2) pp.232-241 [Online] Available: [Accessed at: 10th March 2013]

External links ‍ (Teamwork, Skill Development)

Read in another language

‍Team Work (Chinese Version)